John Knox is believed buried somewhere beneath Parliament Square, where there is also the lead statue of Charles II. Parliament House is where Courts of Session are held and where the Scottish Parliament sat from 1639 until the Union in 1707. City Chambers, also known as The Royal Exchange, contains the Stone of Remembrance. Its eleven storeys make it the tallest building of the Old Town.
At the top of Candlemaker Row is a statue to Greyfriars Bobby, a faithful dog who stayed, grieving and watching, at the grave of his master, John Gray, from 1858 when Gray died to his own death in 1872. John Knox's house was built in the fifteenth century and has some unusual forestairs, in the street, by which you enter. Canongate, once the centre of the court, has been much restored over the past few years. The Treaty of Union was signed in Moray House where Cromwell made his headquarters, and where Charles I was once a visitor.
Palace of Holyroodhouse was originally connected with the Abbey and was its guest house. The Abbey was founded in 1128, and young King James V began his building in 1529, but most of the building is much later, having been started for Charles II in 1671. The ill-fated Mary Queen of Scots spent six years here and Bonnie Prince Charlie held a ball here. Holyroodhouse is now the Queen's official residence in Scotland.
Also in the Old Town is Grassmarket where the Flodden Wall was rapidly built in the (unfulfilled) expectation of invasion in 1513, and also the home of Hare and Burke, famous murderers, and it is where many Covenanters died for their beliefs - that spot is marked by a cross in the cobblestones.
Charlotte Square is one of the best of the Georgian crescents and squares of New Town. Robert Adam, the most distinguished architect of his day, designed the north side, and the National Trust for Scotland has opened No 7, the Georgian House, and furnished it in the style of the time to give you an idea of what living conditions in Edinburgh were like. At the other end of George Street you pass the Assembly Rooms and Music Hall (where Sir Walter Scott announced his completion of the Waverley Novels) before you reach St Andrew Square.
Princes Street is regarded by some as one of the finest shopping streets in Europe. In the gardens on one side of the street the railway line runs deep through the valley towards Waverley Steps, beside that huge pile the North British Hotel, once the pride and joy of the North British Railway and still connected to the platforms - and it still serves a satisfying Scottish afternoon tea. During the summer the gardens are a place for all sorts of entertainment. If you feel energetic you could climb up the Scott Monument, or take yourself off to Calton Hill, the Nelson Monument and the National Monument, started but not finished as a copy of the Parthenon in Athens. In the old Calton Burial Ground is a monument to Abraham Lincoln - as a tribute to both the President and the Scottish soldiers who died in the American Civil War. Arthur's Seat is another vantage point, 800ft up on an extinct volcanic bit of rock.
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